Although hypomagnesemia reduces insulin sensitivity, benefits of magnesium supplementation to non-diabetic insulin resistant subjects has not been established. Our purpose was to determine whether oral magnesium supplementation with magnesium chloride (MgCl2) 2.5 g daily modify insulin sensitivity in non-diabetic subjects.
This study was a 3 months randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial. Apparently healthy subjects were eligible to participate if they had insulin resistance (HOMA-IR index equal or greater than 3.0) and hypomagnesemia (Serum magnesium levels equal or lower than 0.74 mmol/l). Subjects were randomized to receive either, MgCl2 2.5 g daily or placebo by 3-months.
Oral magnesium supplementation improves insulin sensitivity in hypomagnesemia non-diabetic subjects. Clinical implications of this finding have to be established.